PREAMBLE (NOT PART OF THE STANDARD)

In order to promote public education and public safety, equal justice for all, a better informed citizenry, the rule of law, world trade and world peace, this legal document is hereby made available on a noncommercial basis, as it is the right of all humans to know and speak the laws that govern them.

END OF PREAMBLE (NOT PART OF THE STANDARD)

IS 875 (Part 1) : 1987
(Incorporating IS : 1911 - 1967)
(Reaffirmed 2008)

Indian Standard
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN LOADS (OTHER THAN EARTHQUAKE) FOR BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
PART 1 DEAD LOADS—UNIT WEIGHTS OF BUILDING MATERIALS AND STORED MATERIALS

(Second Revision)

Ninth Reprint JANUARY 2010
(Including Amendment No. 1)

UDC 624.042 : 006.76

© BIS 1989

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 110002

February 1989

Price Group 12

i ii

CONTENTS

  Page
0. Foreword 3
1. Scope 4
2. Building Materials 4
TABLE 1 Unit Weight of Building Materials
  1. Acoustical material 4
  2. Aggregate, coarse 4
  3. Aggregate, fine 4
  4. Aggregate, organic 4
  5. Asbestos 4
  6. Asbestos cement building pipes 4
  7. Asbestos cement gutters 5
  8. Asbestos cement pressure pipes 5
  9. Asbestos cement sheeting 5
  10. Bitumen 5
  11. Blocks 5
  12. Boards 5
  13. Bricks 6
  14. Brick chips and broken bricks 6
  15. Brick dust (SURKHI) 6
  16. Cast iron, manhole covers 7
  17. Cast iron, manhole frames 7
  18. Cast iron pipes 7
  19. Cement 7
  20. Cement concrete, plain 7
  21. Cement concrete, prestressed 8
  22. Cement concrete, reinforced 8
  23. Cement concrete pipes 8
  24. Cement mortar 8
  25. Cement plaster 8
  26. Cork 8
  27. Expanded metal 8
  28. Felt, bituminous for waterproofing and damp-proofing 9
  29. Foam slag, foundry pumice 9
  30. Glass 9
  31. Gutters, asbestos cement 9
  32. Gypsum 9
  33. Iron 9
  34. Lime 9
  35. Linoleum 10
  36. Masonry brick 10
  37. Masonry, stone 10
  38. Mastic asphalt 10
  39. Metal sheeting, protected 10
  40. Mortar 10
  41. Pipes 11
  42. Plaster 16
  43. Sheeting 16
  44. Slagwool 17 1
  45. Soils and gravels 17
  46. Steel sections 17
  47. Stone 25
  48. Tar, coal 25
  49. Thermal insulation 25
  50. Terra cotta 26
  51. Terrazzo 26
  52. Tiles 26
  53. Timber 26
  54. Water 28
  55. Wood-wool building slabs 28
3. Building Parts and Components
TABLE 2 Unit Weights of Building Parts or Components
  1. Ceilings 29
  2. Cement concrete, plain 29
  3. Cement concrete, reinforced 29
  4. Damp-proofing 29
  5. Earth filling 29
  6. Finishing 29
  7. Flooring 29
  8. Roofing 30
  9. Walling 31
4. Store and Miscellaneous Materials 31
APPENDIX A Unit Weights of Store and Miscellaneous Materials
  1. Agricultural and food products 32
  2. Chemicals and allied materials 33
  3. Fuels 33
  4. Manures 34
  5. Metals and alloys 34
  6. Miscellaneous materials 36
  7. Ores 37
  8. Textiles, paper and allied materials 37
2

Indian Standard

CODE OF PRACTICE FOR
DESIGN LOADS (OTHER THAN EARTHQUAKE)
FOR BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

PART 1 DEAD LOADS—UNIT WEIGHTS OF BUILDING MATERIALS AND STORED MATERIALS

(Second Revision)

0. FOREWORD

0.1

This Indian Standard (Part 1) (Second Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on 30 October 1987, after the draft finalized by the Structural Safety Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council.

0.2

A building has to perform many functions satisfactorily. Amongst these functions are the utility of the building for the intended use and occupancy, structural safety, fire safety; and compliance with hygienic, sanitation, ventilation and daylight standards. The design of the building is dependent upon the minimum requirements prescribed for each of the above functions, The minimum requirements pertaining to the structural safety of buildings are being covered in this code by way of laying down minimum design loads which have to be assumed for dead loads, imposed loads, snow loads and other external loads, the structure would be required to bear. Strict conformity to loading standards recommended in this code, it is hoped, will not only ensure the structural safety of the buildings which are being designed and constructed in the country and thereby reduce the hazards to life and property caused by unsafe structures, but also eliminate the wastage caused by assuming unnecessarily heavy loadings.

0.3

This Indian standard code of practice was first published in 1957 for the guidance of civil engineers, designers and architects associated with planning and design of buildings. It included the provisions for the basic design loads (dead loads, live loads, wind loads and (seismic loads) to be assumed in the design of buildings. In its first revision in 1964, the wind pressure provisions were modified on the basis of studies of wind phenomenon and its effect on structures, undertaken by the special committee in consultation with the Indian Meteorological Department. In addition to this, new clauses on wind loads for butterfly type structures were included; wind pressure coefficients for sheeted roofs both curved and sloping, were modified; seismic load provisions were deleted (separate code having been prepared) and metric system of weights and measurements was adopted.

0.3.1

With the increased adoption of the code, a number of comments were received on provisions on live load values adopted for different occupancies. Simultaneously, live load surveys have been carried out in America and Canada to arrive at realistic live loads based on actual determination of loading (movable and immovable) in different occupancies. Keeping this in view and other developments in the field of wind engineering, the Sectional Committee responsible for the preparation of the standard has decided to prepare the second revision in the following five parts:

Part 1 Dead loads
Part 2 Imposed loads
Part 3 Wind loads
Part 4 Snow loads
Part 5 Special loads and loads combinations

Earthquake load is covered in a separate standard, namely IS : 1893-1984* which should be considered along with the above loads.

0.4

This standard deals with dead loads to be assumed in the design of buildings and same is given in the form of unit weight of materials. The unit weight of other materials that are likely to be stored in a building are also included for the purpose of load calculations due to stored materials.

0.4.1

This standard incorporates IS : 1911† published in 1967. The unit weight of materials incorporated in this standard are based on information available through published Indian standards and various other publications.

0.4.2

The values given in this standard have been rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1966‡.

* Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures (third revision).

† Schedule of unit weights of building materials (first revision).

‡ Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised).

3

1. SCOPE

1.1

This code (Part 1) covers unit weight/mass of materials, and parts or components in a building that apply to the determination of dead loads in the design of buildings.

1.1.1

The unit weight/mass of materials that are likely to be stored in a building are also specified for the purpose of load calculations along with angles of internal friction as appropriate.

Note 1—Table 1 gives the unit weight mass of individual building materials in alphabetical order; Table 2 covers the unit weight mass of parts or components of a building; and Appendix A gives unit weight mass of stored materials.

2. BUILDING MATERIALS

2.1

The unit weight/mass of materials used in building construction are specified in Table 1.

TABLE 1 UNIT WEIGHT OF BUILDING MATERIALS
  Material Nominal Size or Thickness Weight/Mass
    mm kN kg per
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
1 Acoustical Material  
  Eelgrass 10 5.70 × 10−3 to 7.65 × 103 0.58 to 0.78 m2
  Glass fibre 10 3.80 × 103 0.39
  Hair 10 19.10 × 103 1.95
  Mineral wool 10 13.45 × 103 1.37
  Slag wool 2.65 270 m3
  Cork 2.35 240
2. Aggregate, Coarse  
  Broken stone ballast:  
    Dry, well-shaken 15.70 to 18.35 1 600 to 1 870
    Perfectly wet 18.85 to 21.95 1 920 to 2 240
    Shingles, 3 to 38 mm 14.35 1 460
  Broken bricks:  
    Fine 14.20 1 450
    Coarse 9.90 1 010
    Foam slag (foundry pumice) 6.85 700
    Cinder* 7.85 800
3. Aggregate, Fine  
  Sand:  
    Dry, clean 15.10 to 15.70 1 540 to 1 600
    River 18.05 1 840
    Wet 17.25 to 19.60 1 760 to 2 000
    Brick dust (SURKHl) 9.90 1 010
4. Aggregate, Organic  
  Saw dust, loose 1.55 160
  Peat:  
    Dry 5.50 to 6.30 560 to 640
    Sandy, compact 7.85 800
    Wet, compact 13.35 1 360
5. Asbestos  
  Felt 10 0.145 15 m2
  Fibres:  
    Pressed 9.40 960 m3
    Sprayed 10 0.02 2 m3
  Natural 29.80 3 040 m3
  Raw 5.90 to 8.85 600 to 900
6. Asbestos Cement Building Pipes (see under 41 ‘Pipes’ in this table)  
* Also used for filling purposes. 4
7. Asbestos Cement Gutters
[see IS : 1626 (Part 2)-1980*]
 
  Boundary wall gutters:  
    400 × 150 × 250 mm 12.5 0.16 16.0 m
    450 × 150 × 300 mm 12.5 0.16 16.0
    300 × 150 × 225 mm 12.5 0.13 13.0
    275 × 125 × 175 mm 10.0 0.085 8.5
  Valley gutters:  
    900 × 200 × 225 mm 12.5 0.245 24.8
    600 × 150 × 225 mm 12.5 0.160 16.1
    450 × 125 × 150 mm 12.5 0.145 14.6
    400 × 125 × 250 mm 12.5 0.130 13.2
  Half round gutters:  
    150 mm 9.5 0.043 4.4
    250 mm 9.5 0.079 8.1
    300 mm 9.5 0.087 8.9
8. Asbestos Cement Pressure Pipes (see under 41 ‘Pipes’ in this table)  
9. Asbestos Cement Sheeting (see IS : 459-1970†)  
  Corrugated (pitch = 146 mm) 6 0.118 to 0.130 12.0 to 13.3 m2
  Semi-corrugated (pitch = 340 mm) 6 0.118 to 0.127 12.0 to 13.0
  Plain 5 0.09 9.16
10. Bitumen 0.102 10.40 m3
11. Blocks  
  Lime-based solid blocks
(see IS : 3115-1978†)
8.65 to 12.55 880 to 1 280
  Hollow (open and closed cavity concrete blocks)
[see IS : 2185 (Part 1)-1979§]
 
  Grade A (load bearing) 1.41 144
  Grade B (load bearing) 1.41 to 0.94 144 to 96
  Grade C (non-load bearing) 1.41 to 0.94 144 to 96
  Solid concrete blocks 17.65 1 800
12. Boards  
  Cork boards:  
    Compressed 10 0.04 4 m2
    Ordinary 10 0.02 2
  Fibre building boards (see IS : 1658-1977‖)  
  Medium hardboard 6 0.028 to 0.047 2.88 to 4.80
8 0.038 to 0.063 3.84 to 6.40
10 0.047 to 0.078 4.80 to 8.00
1.12 0.056 to 0.095 5.76 to 9.60

*Specification for asbestos cement building pipes and pipe fittings, gutters and gutter fittings and roofing fittings: Part 2 Gutters and gutter fittings (first revision).
†Specification for unreinforced corrugated and semi-corrugated asbestos cement sheets (second revision).
†Specification for lime based block (first revision).
§Specification for concrete masonry units: Part 1 Hollow and solid concrete blocks (second revision).
‖(Specification for fibre hardboards (second revision).

5
  Standard hardboard 3 0.024 to 0.035 2.40 to 3.60 m3
4 0.031 to 0.047 3.20 to 4.80
5 0.039 to 0.059 4.00 to 6.00
  Tempered hard board 6 0.047 to 0.071 4.80 to 7.20
9 0.071 to 0.106 7.20 to 10.80
  Fire insulation board 9 0.035 3.6
    (see IS : 3348-1965*) 12 0.047 4.8
  Fibre insulation board. 18 0.071 7.2
    ordinary or flame-retardant type, bitumen-bounded fibre insulation board 25 0.098 10.0
  Gypsum plaster boards (see IS : 2095-1982†) 9.5 0.069 to 0.098 7.0 to 10.0
12.5 0.093 to 0.147 9.5 to 15.0
15 0.110 to 0.154 11.25 to 15.75
  Insulating board (fibre) 12 0.034 3.5
  Laminated board (fibre) 6 0.034 3.5
  Wood particle boards (see IS : 3087-1985‡)  
  Designation:  
    FPSI 4.90 to 8.85 500 to 900 m2
    FPTH 4.90 to 8.85 500 to 900
    XPSO 4.90 to 8.85 500 to 900
    XPTU 4.90 to 8.85 500 to 900
  Wood particle boards for insulation purposes (see IS: 3129-1985§) 3.90 400 *„
  High density wood particle boards (see IS : 3478-19661 |)  
    Type 1, Grade A 0.117 12 m2
    Type 1, Grade B 0.088 9
    Type 2, Grade A 0.117 12
    Type 2, Grade B 0.088 9
   Note 1—Density of medium hard board varies from 350 to 800 kg/m3.
   Note 2—Density of normal hard board varies from 800 to 1 200 kg/m3.
   Note 3—Density of tempered hard board varies according to treatment. The actual value may be had from the manufacturers.
   Note 4—All the three types of hard boards are manufactured to width of 1.2 m.
13. Bricks  
  Common burnt clay bricks (see IS : 1077-1987¶) 15.70 to 18.85 1 600 to 1 920 m3
  Engineering bricks 21.20 2 160
  Heavy duty bricks
(see IS : 2180-1985*)
24.50 2 500
  Pressed bricks 17.25 to 18.05 1 760 to 1 840
  Refractory bricks 17.25 to 19.60 1 760 to 2 000
  Sand cement bricks 18.05 1 840
  Sand lime bricks 20.40 2 080
14. Brick Chips and Broken Bricks (see under 2 ‘Broken bricks’ in this table)  
15. Brick Dust (SURKHI) 9.90 1 010

* Specification for fibre insulation boards.
†Specification for gypsum plaster boards (first revision).
‡ Specification for wood particle boards (medium density) for general purposes (first revision).
§ Specification for low density particle boards (first revision).
ǁSpecification for high density wood particle boards.
* Specification for common burnt clay building bricks (fourth revision).
** Specification for heavy-duty burnt clay building bricks (second revision).

6
16. Cast Iron, Manhole Covers (see IS : 1726*)  
  Double triangular (HD) 500 1.16 318 Cover
  560 1.37 140
  Circular (HD) 500 1.16 118
  560 1.37 140
  Circular (MD) 500 0.57 58
  560 0.63 64
  Rectangular (MD) 0.78 80
  Rectangular (LD) :  
    Single seal (Pattern 1) 0.23 23
    (Pattern 2)               0.15 15
    Double seal 0.28 29
  Square (LD) :  
    Single seal 455 0.13 13
    610 0.25 26
    Double seal 455 023 23
    610 0.36 37
17. Cast Iron, Manhole Frames (see IS : 1726*)  
  Double triangular (HD) 500 1.09 111 Frame
  560 1.13 115
  Circular (HD) 500 0.83 85
  560 1.06 108
  Circular (MD) 500 0.57 58
  560 0.63 64
  Rectangular (MD) 0.63 64
  Rectangular (LD):  
    Single seal (Pattern 1) 0.15 15
    (Pattern 2)               0.10 10
    Double seal 0.23 23
  Square (LD) :  
    Single seal 455 0.07 7
    610 0.13 13
    Double seal 455 0.15 15
    610 0.18 18
18. Cast Iron Pipes
(see under 41 ‘Pipes’ in this table)
 
19. Cement
(see IS : 269-1976 †)
 
    Ordinary and aluminous 14.10 1 440 m3
    Rapid-hardening 12.55 1 280
20. Cement Concrete, Plain  
  Aerated   7.45 760
  No-fines, with heavy aggregate 15.70 to 18.80 1 600 to 1 920
  No-fines, with light aggregate 8.65 to 12.55 880 to 1 280
  With burnt clay aggregate 17.25 to 21.20 1 760 to 2 160
  With expanded clay aggregate 9.40 to 16.50 960 to 1 680
  With clinker aggregate 12.55 to 17.25 1 280 to 1 760
  With pumice aggregate* 5.50 to 11.00 560 to 1 120
  With sand and grave! or crushed natural stone aggregate 22.00 to 23.50 2 240 to 2 400
  With saw dust 6.30 to 16.50 640 to 1 680
  With foamed slag aggregate 9.40 to 18.05 960 to 1 840

* Specification for cast iron manhole covers and frames.
† Specification for ordinary and low heat Portland cement (third revision).

7
21. Cement Concrete, Prestressed (conforming to IS : 1343-1980*) 23.50 2 400 m2
22. Cement Concrete, Reinforced With sand and gravel or crushed natural stone aggregate:  
    With 1 percent steel 22.75 to 24.20 2 310 to 2 470
    With 2 percent steel 23.25 to 24.80 2 370 to 2 530
    With 5 percent steel 24.80 to 26.50 2 530 to 2 700
23. Cement Concrete Pipes (see under 41 ‘Pipes’ in this table)  
24. Cement Mortar 20.40 2 080
25. Cement Plaster 20.40 2 080
26. Cork 2.35 240
27. Expanded Metal (conforming to IS : 412-1975†)  
  Reference No. Size of Mesh, Nominal  
    SWM
mm
LWM
mm
 
  1 100 250 0.030 3.08 m2
  2 100 250 0.024 2.47
  3 100 250 0.016 1.60
  4 75 200 0.042 4.28
  5 75 200 0.032 3.29
  6 75 200 0.021 2.14
  7 40 115 0.080 8.02
  8 40 115 0.060 6.17
  9 40 75 0.060 6.17
  10 40 75 0.028 2.85
  11 40 115 0.039 4.01
  12 40 75 0.039 4.01
  13 40 115 0.020 2.04
  14 40 75 0.020 2.04
  15 25 75 0.054 5.53
  16 25 75 0.038 3.93
  17 25 75 0.028 2.81
  18 25 75 0.021 2.19
  19 20 60 0.070 7.15
  20 20 50 0.070 7.15
  21 20 60 0.050 5.09
  22 20 50 0.050 5.09
  23 20 60 0.036 3.63
  24 20 50 0.036 3.63
  25 20 60 0.021 2.18
  26 20 50 0.021 2.18
  27 12.5 50 0.050 5.04
  28 12.5 40 0.050 5.04
  29 12.5 50 0.040 4.00
  30 12.5 50 0.030 3.13
  31 12.5 40 0.030 3.13
  32 12.5 50 0.025 2.50
  33 12.5 40 0.025 2.50
  34 10 40 0.050 5.98
  35 10 40 0.035 3.59
  36 10 40 0.028 2.87 8
  37 9.5 28.5 0.050 5.19 m2
  38 9.5 28.5 0.028 2.81
  39 9.5 28.5 0.020 2.09
  40 6 25 0.074 7.55
  41 6 25 0.048 4.88
  42 6 25 0.038 3.90
  43 5 20 0.050 5.01
  44 3 15 0.041 4.28

* Code of practice for prestressed concrete (first revision).
† Specification for expanded metal steel sheets for general purposes (second revision).

28. Felt, Bituminous for Water proofing and Damp-proofing (see IS : 1322-1982*)  
  Fibre base:  
    Type 1 (Underlay) 8.34 × 10−3 0.85
    Type 2 (Self-finished felt):  
      Grade 1 21.48 × 10−3 2.19
      Grade 2 30 21 × 10−3 3.08
  Hessian base:  
    Type 3 (Self-finished felt):  
      Grade I 21 87 × 10−3 2.23
      Grade 2 35 70 × 10−3 364
  Note 1—The weight of untreated based shall be taken as in the dry condition.
  Note 2—The weights given above are indicative of the total weight of ingredients used in the manufacture of felt and not of the ingredients determined from a physical analysis of the finished material.
29. Foam Slag, Foundry Pumice 6.85 700 m3
30. Glass (see IS : 2835-1977 †)  
    Sheet 2.0 0.049 50
  2.5 0.062 6.3
  3.0 0.074 7.5
  4.0 0.098 10.0
  5.0 0.123 12.5
  5.5 0.134 13.7
  6.5 0.167 17.0
31. Gutters, Asbestos Cement (see under 7 ‘Asbestos cement gutter’ in this table)  
32. Gypsum  
  Gypsum mortar 11.75 1 200 m2
  Gypsum powder 13.89 to 17.25 1 410 to 1 760
33. Iron  
  Pig 70.60 7 200
  Gray, cast 68.95 to 69.90 7 030 to 7 130
  White, cast 74.30 to 75.70 7 580 to 7 720
  Wrought 75.50 7 700
34. Lime  
  Lime concrete with burnt clay aggregate 18.80 1 920

* Specification for bitumen felts for waterproofing and damp-proofing (third revision).
† Specification for flat transparent sheet glass (second revision).

9
  Lime mortar 15.70 to 18.05 1 600 to 1 840 m3
  Lime plaster 17.25 1 760
  Lime stone in lumps, uncalcined 12.55 to 14.10 1 280 to 1 440
  Lime, unslaked, freshly burnt in pieces   8.60 to 10.20 880 to 1 040
  Lime staked, fresh 5.70 to 6.30 580 to 640
  Lime slaked, after 10 days 7.85 800
  Lime, unslaked (KANKAR) 11.55 1 180
  Lime, slaked (KANKAR) 10.00 1 020
35. Linoleum (see IS : 653-1980 *)  
  Sheets and tiles 4.4 0.056 9 5.8 m2
  3.2 0.040 2 4.1
  2.0 0.026 5 1.7
  1.6 0.021 5 2.2
36. Masonry, Brick  
  Common burnt clay bricks 18.85 1 920 m3
  Engineering bricks 23.55 2 400
  Glazed bricks 20.40 2 080
  Pressed bricks 22.00 2 240
37. Masonry, Stone  
  Cast   22.55 2 300
  Dry rubble 20.40 2 080
  Granite ashlar 25.90 2 640
  Granite rubble 23.55 2 400
  Lime stone ashlar 25.30 2 560
  Marble dressed 26.50 2 700
  Sand stone 22.00 2 240
38. Mastic Asphalt 10 0.215 22 m2
39. Metal Sheeting, Protected Galvanized Steel Sheets and Plain (see IS : 277-1985†)  
  Class 1 1.60 0.131 13.31
  1.26 0.104 10.56
  1.00 0.084 8.60
  0.80 0.069 7.03
  0.63 0.056 5.70
  Class 2 1.60 0.129 13.16
  1.25 0.102 10.41
  1.00 0.083 8.45
  0.80 0.067 6.88
  0.63 0.054 5.55
  Class 3 1.60 0.128 13.01
  1.25 0.101 10.26
  1.00 0.081 8.30
  0.80 0.066 6.73
  0.63 0.053 5.40
  Class 4 1.60 0.127 12.94
  1.25 0.100 10.19
  1.00 0.081 8.22
  0.80 0.065 6.66
  0.63 0.052 5.32
40. Mortar  
  Cement 20.40 2 080 m2
  Gypsum 11.80 3 200
  Lime 15.70 to 18.05 1 600 to 1 840

* Specification for linoleum sheets and tiles (second revision).
† Specification for galvanized steel sheets (plain and corrugated) (fourth revision).

10
41. Pipes  
  Asbestos cement pipes [see IS : 1626 (Part) 1-1980*] 50 0.032 to 0.034 3.3 to 3.5 m3
  60 0.032 to 0.043 3.3 to 4.4
  80 0.051 to 0.054 5.2 to 5.5
  90 0.052 to 0.060 5.3 to 6.1
  100 0.058 to 0.065 5.9 to 6.6
  125 0.072 to 0.086 7.3 to 8.8
  150 0.086 to 0.108 8.8 to 11.0
  Asbestos cement pressure pipes (see IS : 1592-1980†) 50 0.056 5.7
  80 0.067 6.8
  100 0.090 9.2
  125 0.139 14.2
  150 0.175 17.8
  200 0.264 26.9
  250 0.380 38.8
  300 0.539 55
  Cast iron pipes:  
    Rainwater pipes (see IS: 1230-1979‡)  
    Standard overall length 1.8 m with socket 550 0.073 7.5 pipe
    75 0.108 11.0
    100 0.137 14.0
    125 0.196 20.0
    150 0.255 26.0
    Standard overall length 1.5 m with socket 50 0 064 6.5
    75 0093 9.5
    100 0.123 12.5
    125 0.172  17.5
    150 0.230  23.5
  Pressure pipes for water, gas and sewage:  
    a) Centrifugally cast (see IS : 1536-1976§)  
      i) Socket and spigot pipes*.  
    Barrel:  
    Class LA 80 1.144 14.7 m
  100 0.182 18.6
  125 0.237 24.2
  150 0.295 30.1
  200 0.432 44.0
  250 0.582 59.3
  300 0.750 76.5
  350 0.944 96.3
  400 1.146 116.9
  450 1.383 141.0
  500 1.620 165.2
  600 2.156 219.8
  700 2.778 283.2
  750 3.111 317.2
    Class A 80 0.157 16.0
  100 0.201 20.5
  125 0.259 26.4
  150 0.326 33.2
  200 0.472 48.1
  250 0.637 65.0
  300 0.824 84.0
  350 1.030 105.0
  400 1.262 128.7
  450 1.530 156.0
  500 1.775 181.0
  600 2.367 241.4 m
  700 3.056 311.6
  750 3.422 348.9
 

* Specification for asbestos cement buildings pipes and pipe fittings, gutters and gutter fittings and roofing fittings: Part 1 Pipes and pipe fittings (first revision),
† specification for asbestos cement pressure pipes (second revision).
‡ Specification for cast iron rainwater pipes and fittings (second revision).
§ Specification for centrifugally cast (spun) iron pressure pipes for water, gas and sewage (second revision).

11
    Class B 80 0.172 17.3
  100 0.216 22.0
  125 0.281 28.7
  150 0.352 35.9
  200 0.511 52.1
  250 0.692 70.6
  300 0.896 91.4
  350 1.122 114.5
  400 1.368 139.5
  450 1.657 169.0
  500 1.929 196.7
  600 2.578 262.9
  700 3.317 338.2
  750 3.733 380.6
    Sockets for Class LA, Class A and Class B barrels 80 0.054 5.5 Socket
  100 0.069 7.1
  125 0.090 9.2
  150 0.113 11.5
  200 0.165 16.8
  250 0.225 22.9
  300 0.292 29.8
  350 0.368 37.5
  400 0.454 46.3
  450 0.549 56.0
  500 0.647 66.0
  600 0.876 89.3
  700 1.145 116.8
  750 1.292 131.7
    ii) Flanged pipe with screwed flanges:  
  Barrel:  
  Class A 80 to 300 Same as for centrifugally cast socket and spigot pipes, Class A
  Class B 80 to 300 Same as for centrifugally cast socket and spigot pipes, Class B
  Flanges for Class A and Class B barrels 80 0.042 4.3 Flange
  100 0.049 5.0
  125 0.065 6.6
  150 0.080 8.2
  200 0.112 11.4
  250 0.144 14.7
  300 0.182 18.6
    b) Vertically cast socket and spigot pipes (see IS : 1537-1976*)  
      Barrel:  
      Class A 80
to
750
Same as for centrifugally cast socket and spigot pipes, Class A
  800 3.82 389 m
  900 4.65 474
  1 000 5.59 570
  1 100 6.59 672
  1 200 7.67 783
  1 500 11.98 1222
      Class B 80
to
750
Same as for centrifugally cast socket and spigot pipes, Class B
  800 4.15 423 m
  900 5.07 516
  1 000 6.07 619
  1 100 7.23 739
  1 200 8.35 851
  1 500 13.07 1 333
  * Specification for vertically cast iron pressure pipes for water, gas and sewage first revision). 12
    Socket for Class A and Class B barrels 80
to
750
Same as for centrifugally cast socket and spigot pipes, Class A and Class B 
  800 1.45 147 Socket
  900 1.79 182
  1 000 2.18 222
  1 100 2.60 265
  1 200 3.07 313
  1 500 4.91 501
    c) Sand east (flanged pipes):  
    Barrel:  
    Class A 80
to
750
Same as for centrifugally cast socket and spigot pipes, Class A
    800
to
1 500
Same as for vertically cast socket and spigot pipes, Class A
    Class B 80
to
750
Same as for centrifugally cast socket and spigot pipes, Class B
    800
to
1 500
Same as for vertically cast socket and spigot pipes, Class B
    Flanges for Class A and Class B Barrels 80 0.016 3.7 Flange
  100 0.041 4.2
  125 0.052 5.3
  150 0.066 6.7
  200 0.091 9.3
  250 0.117 12.0
  300 0.145 14.8
  350 0.186 19.4
  400 0.229 23.4
  450 0.250 26.5
  500 0.315 32.1
  600 0.431 44.0
  700 0.587 59.9
  750 0.685 69.8
  800 0.792 80.8
  900 0.928 94.6
  1 000 1.18 120.0
  1100 1.38 139.0
  1 200 1.70 173.0
  1 500 2.71 276.2
      Concrete pipes (see IS : 458-1971 *)  
    Class NP 1 (unreinforced non-pressure pipes) 80 0.19 19 m
  100 0.22 22
  150 0.30 3!
  250 0.40 41
  300 0.69 70
  350 0.14 86
  400 0.95 97
  450 1.17 119
    Class NP 2 (reinforced concrete, light duty, non-pressure pipes) 80 0.196 20
  100 0.235 24
  150 0.324 33
  250 0.510 52
  300 0.736 75
  350 0.902 92
  400 1.02 104
  450 1.26 128
  500 1.38 141
  600 1.89 193
  700 2.19 223
  800 2.81 287
  900 3.51 358 13
  1 000 4.30 438 m
  1 100 5.15 525
  1 200 6.09 620
  1 400 8.18 834
  1 600 9.93 1 013
  1 800 12.58 1 283
* Specification for concrete pipes (with and without reinforcement) (second revision).
      Class NP3 (reinforced concrete, heavy duty, non-pressure pipes) 350 2.35 240
  400 2.63 269
  450 2.91 297
  500 3.19 325
  600 4.02 410
  700 4.61 470
  800 4.92 604
  900 7.39 754
  1 000 8.13 829
  1 100 10.34 1 054
  1 200 11.18 1 140
  Class P1 (reinforced concrete pressure pipes safe for 20 MPa pressure tests) 80 0.196 20
  100 0.235 24
  150 0.324 33
  250 0.510 52
  300 0.736 75
  350 0.902 92
  400 1.02 104
  500 1.38 141
  600 1.89 193
  700 2.19 223
  800 2.81 287
  900 3.51 358
  1 000 4.30 437
  1 100 5.15 525
  1 200 6.09 620
  Class P2 (reinforced concrete pressure pipes safe for 40 MPa pressure tests) 80 0.196 20
  100 0.235 24
  250 0.608 63
  300 1.01 103
  350 1.31 134
  400 1.67 170
  450 1.84 188
  500 1.56 261
  600 3.20 326
  Class P3(reinforced concrete pressure pipes safe for 60 MPa pressure tests) 80 0.196 20
  100 0.235 24
  150 0.324 33
  250 0.736 75
  300 1.15 117
  350 1.65 168
  400 2.04 204
  Lead pipes
[see IS : 404 (Part 1)-1977*]
(service and distribution pipes to be laid underground):
 
      For working pressure 40 MPa 10 0.018 1.87
  15 0.031 3.13
  20 0.042 4.24
  25 0.060 6.11
  32 0.074 7.50
  40 0.091 9.28
  50 0.142 14.45
  * Specification for lead pipes: Part 1 For other than chemical purposes (second revision). 14
      For working pressure 70 MPa 10 0.022 2.26 m
  15 0.038 3.83
  20 0.050 5.11
  25 0.069 7.03
  32 0.126 12.80
  40 0.175 17.82
      For working pressure 100 MPa 10 0.029 2.96
  15 0.048 4.88
  20
(see Note below)
0.067 6.86
  25
(see Note below)
0.105 10.75
      Service pipes to be fixed or laid above ground:  
      For working pressure 40 MPa 10 0.014 1.45
  55 0.021 2.15
  20 0.027 2.74
  25 0.036 3.67
  32 0.059 6.00
  40 0.091 9.28
  0 0.142 14.45
      For working pressure 70 MPa 10 0.018 1.81
  15 0.024 2.47
  20 0.030 3.11
  25 0.069 7.03
  32 0.126 12.80
  40 0.175 17.82
      For working pressure 100 MPa 10 0.029 2.96
  15 0.048 4.88
  20
(see Note below)
0.067 6.86
  25
(see Note below)
0.105 10.75
    Cold water distribution pipes to be fixed or laid above ground: 
      For working pressure 25 MPa 10 0.014 1.45
  15 0.021 2.15
  20 0.027 2.74
  25 0.036 3.67
  32 0.048 4.85
  40 0.067 6.79
  50 0.084 8.53
      For working pressure 40 MPa 10 0.014 1.45
  15 0.021 2.15
  20 0.027 2.74
  25 0.036 3.67
  32 0.059 6.00
  40 0.091 9.29
  50 0.142 14.45
      Hot water distribution pipes to be fixed or laid above ground: 
      For working pressure 20 MPa 10 0.015 1.50
  15 0 023 2.34
  20 0031 3.13
  25 0041 4.13
  32 0062 6.30
  40 0082 8.38
  50 0-142 14.45  
    Note—The maximum working pressure for these sizes is 90 MPa. 15
      For working pressure 35 MPa 10 0.015 1.50 m
  15 0.027 2.34
  20 0.045 4.56
  25 0.085 8.69
  32 0.132 13.51
      Soil, waste, and soil and waste ventilation pipes 50 0.050 5.07
  75 0.073 7.48
  100 0.097 9.88
  150 0.160 16.36
      Flushing and warning pipes 20 0.020 2.09
  25 0.025 2.56
  32 0.032 3.28
  40 0.039 3.95
  50 0.049 5.07
  Gas pipes:  
      Heavy weight gas pipes 10 0.008 0.81
  15 0.017 1.70
  20 0.025 2.60
  25 0.034 3.44
  32 0.045 4.57
  40 0.061 6.27
  50 0.071 7.20
      Light weight gas pipes 10 0.008 0.81
  15 0.012 1.21
  20 0.020 2.09
  25 0.029 2.99
  32 0.037 3.74
  40 0.047 4.76
  50 0.058 5.87
      Stoneware, salt-glazed pipes (see IS : 651-1980*) 100 0.137 14
  150 0.216 22
  200 0.324 33
  230
(see Note below)
0.412 42
  250 0.510 52
  300 0.775 79
  350 0.980 100
  400 1.26 128
  450 1.44 147
  500 3.77 180
  600 2.35 240
42.  Plaster(sap also 6 ‘Finishing’ in Table 2)  
      Cement 20.40 2 080 m3
  Lime 17.25 1 760
  Acoustic 10 0.078 8 m3
  Anhydrite 10 0.206 21
  Barium sulphate 10 0.284 29
  Fibrous 10 0.088 9
  Gypsum 10 0.186 19
43. Sheeting  
  Asbestos (see under 9 ‘Asbestos cement sheeting’ in this table)
Galvanized iron (see under 39 ‘Metal sheeting, protected’ in this table)
Glass (see under 30 ‘Glass’ in this table)
Plywood
1 0.007 0.7
  Note—This is non-preferred size and its manufacture is permitted for a limited period.
  * Specification for salt-glazed stoneware pipes and fittings (fourth revision). 16
44. Slagwool 2.65 270 m3
45. Soils and Gravels  
  Aluvial ground, undisturbed 15.60 1 600
  Broken stone ballast:  
    Dry, well-shaken 15.70 to 18.35 1 600 to 1 870
    Perfectly wet 18.85 to 21.95 1 920 to 2 240
  Chalk 15.70 to 18.85 1 600 to 1 920
  Clay:  
    China, compact 21.95 2 240
  Clay fills:  
    Dry, lumps 10.20 1 040
    Dry, compact 14.10 1 440
    Damp, compact 17.25 1 760
    Wet, compact 20.40 2 080
  Undisturbed 18.85 1 920
  Undisturbed, gravelly  
  Earth:  
    Dry 13.85 to 18.05 1 410 to 1 840
    Moist 15.70 to 19.60 1 600 to 2 000
  Gravel:  
    Loose 15.70 1 600
    Rammed 18.85 to 21.20 1 920 to 2 160
  Kaolin, compact 25.50 2 600
  Loam:  
    Dry, loose 11.75 1 200
    Dry, compact 15.70 1 600
    Wet, compact 18.85 1 920
  Loess, dry 14.10 1 440
  Marl, compact 17.25 to 18.85 1 760 to 1 920
  Mud, river, wet 17.25 to 18.85 1 760 to 1 920
  Peat:  
    Dry 5.50 to 6.30 560 to 640
    Sandy, compact 7.85 800
    Wet, compact 13.35 1 360
  Rip- rap 12.55 to 14.10 1 280 to 1 440
  Sand:  
    Dry, clean 15.10 1 15.70 1 540 to 1800
    River 18.05 1840
    Wet 17.25 to 19.60 1 760 to 2 000
  Shingles:  
    Aggregate 3 to 38 mm 13.75 1400
  Fine sand:  
    Dry 15.70 1 600
    Saturated 20.40 2 080
  Silt, wet 17.25 to 18.85 1 760 to 1 920
  * Dimensions for hot-rolled steel sections: Part 1 MB series (beams) (second revision).
46. Steel Sections Hot rolled [see IS : 808 (Part 1)-1978*]  
    Beams—Designation  
    MB 100 0.113 11.5
  MB 125 0.131 13.4
  MB 150 0.147 15.0
  MB 175 0.191 19.5
  MB 200 0.249 25.4
  MB 225 0.306 31.2 17
  MB 250 0.365 37.3
  MB 300 0.452 46.1
  MB 350 0.514 52.4
  MB 400 0.604 61.6
  MB 450 0.710 72.4
  MB 500 0.852 86.9
  MB 550 1.00 104
  MB 600 1.21 123
    Columns—Designation [see IS : 808 (Part 2)1978*]  
      SC 100 0.196 200
  SC 120 0.257 26.2
  SC 140 0.327 33.3
  SC 160 0.411 41.9
  SC 380 0.495 50.3
  SC 200 0.591 60.3
  SC 220 0.690 70.4
  SC 250 0.839 85.6
    Channels—Designation [see IS:808 (Part 3)- 1979 †]  
    Medium weight channel sections with sloping flanges  
      MC 75 0.070 7.14
  MC 100 0.098 10.0
  MC 125 0.165 16.8
  MC 150 0.192 19.6
  MC 175 0.219 22.3
  MC 200 0.256 26.1
  MC 225 0.300 30.6
  MC 250 0.356 36.3
  MC 300 0.419 42.7
  MC 350 0.491 50.1
  MC 400  
    Medium weight channel sections with parallel flanges (see Note below)  
      MCP 75 0.070 7.14
  MCP 100 0.094 9.56
  MCP 125 0.128 13.1
  MCP 150 0.165 16.8
  MCP 175 0.192 19.6
  MCP 200 0.219 22.3
  MCP 225 0.256 26.1
  MCP 250 0.300 30.6
  MCP 300 0.356 36.3
  MCP 350 0.419 42.7
  MCP 400 0.491 50.1
    Equal leg angles—Size [see IS : 800 (Part 5)-1976‡]  
      ISA 2020 3.0 0.009 0.9 m
  4.0 0.011 1.1
      ISA 2525 3.0 0.011 1.1
  4.0 0.014 1.4
  5.0 0.018 1.8
      ISA 3030 3.0 0.014 1.4
  4.0 0.018 1.8
  5.0 0.022 2.2
  Note—These sections are steel in the developmental stage and may be- available subject to agreement with the manufacturer.
  * Dimensions for hot-rolled steel sections: Part 2 Columns—SC series (second revision).
  † Dimensions for hot-rolled steel sections: Part 3 Channels, MC and MPC series (second revision).
  ‡ Dimensions of hot-rolled steel sections: Part 5 Equal leg angle* (second revision). 18
      ISA 3535 3.0 0.016 1.6 m
  4.0 0.021 2.1
  5.0 0.026 2.6
  6.0 0.029 3.0
      ISA 4050 3.0 0.018 1.8
  4.0 0.024 2.4
  5.0 0.029 3.0
  6.0 0.034 3.5
      ISA 4545 3.0 0.021 2.1
  4.0 0.027 2.7
  5.0 0.033 3.4
  6.0 0.039 4.0
      ISA 5050 3.0 0.023 2.3
  4.0 0.029 3.0
  5.0 0.037 3.8
  6.0 0.044 4.5
      ISA 5555 5.0 0.040 4.1
  6.0 0.048 4.9
  8.0 0.063 6.4
  10.0 0.077 7.9
      ISA 6060 5.0 0.044 4.5
  6.0 0.053 5.4
  8.0 0.069 7.0
  10.0 0.084 8.6
      ISA 6565 5.0 0.048 4.9
  6.0 0.057 5.8
  8.0 0.076 7.7
  10.0 0.092 9.4
      ISA 7070 5.0 0.052 5.3
  6.0 0.062 6.3
  8.0 0.081 8.3
  10.0 0.100 10.2
      ISA 7575 5.0 0.056 5.7
  6.0 0.067 6.8
  8.0 0.087 8.9
  10.0 0.108 11.0
      ISA 8080 6.0 0.072 7.3
  8.0 0.094 9.6
  10.0 0.516 11.8
  12.0 0.137 14.0
      ISA 9090 6.0 0.080 8.2
  8.0 0.106 10.8
  10.0 0.131 13.4
  12.0 0.155 15.8
      ISA 100100 6.0 0.090 9.2
  8.0 0.119 12.1
  10.0 0.146 14.9
  12.0 0.174 17.7
      ISA 110110 8.0 0.131 13.4
  10.0 0.163 16.6
  12.0 0.193 19.7
  16.0 0.252 25.7
      ISA 130130 8.0 0.156 15.9
  10.0 0.193 19.7
  12.0 0.230 23.5
  16.0 0.301 30.7
      ISA 150150 10.0 0.225 22.9
  12.0 0.268 27.3
  16.0 0.351 35.8
  20.0 0.432 44.1
      ISA 200200 12.0 0.362 36.9
  16.0 0.476 48.5
  20.0 0.588 60.0
  25.0 0.725 73.9 19
    Unequal leg angles—Size [see IS : 808 (Part 6)-1976*]  
      ISA 3020 3.0 0.011 1.1 m
  4.0 0.014 1.4
  5.0 0.018 1.8
      ISA 4025 3.0 0.015 1.5
  4.0 0.019 1.9
  5.0 0.024 2.4
  6.0 0.027 2.8
      ISA 4530 3.0 0.017 1.7
  4.0 0.022 2.2
  5.0 0.027 2.8
  6.0 0.032 3.3
      ISA 5030 3.0 0.018 1.8
  4.0 0.024 1 8
  5.0 0.029 3.0
  6.0 0.034 3.5
      ISA 6040 5.0 0.036 3.7
  6.0 0.043 4.4
  8.0 0.057 5.8
      ISA 6545 5.0 0.040 4.1
  6.0 0.048 4.9
  8.0 0.063 6.4
      ISA 7045 5.0 0.042 4.3
  6.0 0.051 5.2
  8.0 0.066 6.7
  10.0 0.081 8.3
      ISA 7550 5.0 0.046 4.7
  6.0 0.055 5.6
  8.0 0.073 7.4
  10.0 0.088 9.0
      ISA 8050 5.0 0.048 4.9
  6.0 0.058 5.9
  8.0 0.076 7.7
  10.0 0.092 9.4
      ISA 9060 6.0 0.067 6.8
  8.0 0.087 8.9
  10.0 0.108 11.0
  12.0 0.128 13.0
      ISA 10065 6.0 0.074 7.5
  8.0 0.087 9.9
  10.0 0.120 12.2
      ISA 10075 6.0 0.078 8.0
  8.0 0.103 10.5
  10.0 0.127 13.0
  12.0 0.151 15.4
      ISA 12571 6.0 0.090 9.2
  8.0 0.119 12.1
  10.0 0.146 14.9
      ISA 12595 6.0 0.099 10.1
  8.0 0.131 13.4
  10.0 0.162 16.5
  12.0 0.193 19.7
      ISA 15075 8.0 0.134 13.7
  10.0 0.167 17.2
  12.0 0.198 20.2
      ISA 150115 8.0 0.160 16.3
  10.0 0.197 20.1
  12.0 0.235 24.0
  16.0 0.308 31.4
      ISA 200100 10.0 0.225 22.9
  12.0 0.268 27.3
  16.0 0.351 35.8 20
      ISA 200150 10.0 0.264 26.9 m
  12.0 0.315 32.1
  16.0 0.414 42.2
  20.0 0.510 52.0
  * Dimensions of hot-rolled steel sections: Part 6 Unequal leg angles (second revision).
  Cold formed light gauge structural steel sections (see IS : 811-1965*):  
    Light gauge sections—angles Size:  
      100 × 100 3.15 0.047 4.81
  4.0 0.060 6.07
      80 × 80 2.5 0.030 3.05
  3.15 0.037 3.82
  4.0 0.047 4.82
      60 × 60 2.0 0.018 1.82
  2.5 0.022 2.26
  3.15 0.028 2.83
  4.0 0.035 3.56
      50 × 50 1.6 0.012 1.21
  2.0 0.015 1.51
  2.5 0.018 1.87
  3.15 0.023 2.34
  4.0 0.029 2.93
      40 × 40 1.2 0.007 0.75
  1.6 0.009 0.96
  2.0 0.012 1.19
  2.5 0.014 1.48
  3.15 0.018 1.84
      30 × 30 1.2 0.005 0.56
  1.6 0.007 0.71
  2.0 0.009 0.88
  2.5 0.010 1.08
      20 × 20 1.2 0.004 0.36
  1.6 0.005 0.46
  2.0 0.008 0.56
    Channels without lips Size:  
      100 × 100 3.15 0.070 7.15
  4.0 0.088 9.01
      80 × 80 2.5 0.044 4.52
  3.15 0.056 5.66
  4.0 0.070 7.12
      60 × 60 2.0 0.026 2.69
  2.5 0.033 3.35
  3.15 0.041 4.18
  4.0 0.051 5.24
      50 × 50 1.6 0.018 1.79
  2.0 0.022 2.23
  2.5 0.027 2.76
  3.15 0.034 3.44
  4.0 0.042 4.30
      40 × 40 1.25 0.011 1.12
  1.6 0.014 1.42
  2.0 0.017 1.75
  2.5 0.021 2.17
  3.15 0.026 2.70
      30 × 30 1.21 0.008 0.82
  1.6 0.010 1.04
  2.0 0.013 1.28
  2.5 0.015 1.58
  * Specification for cold formed light gauge structural steel sections (revised). 21
    Channels without lips Size;  
      20 × 20 1.25 0.005 0.53 m
  1.6 0.007 0.66
  2.0 0.008 0.81
      200 × 50 2.00 0.045 4.58
  2.50 0.056 5.70
  3.15 0.070 7.14
  4.00 0.088 9.01
      180 × 50 2.00 0.042 4.27
  2.50 0.052 5.31
  3.15 0.065 6.65
  4.00 0.082 8.38
      160 × 50 2.00 0.039 3.95
  2.50 0.048 4.92
  3.15 0.060 6.16
      140 × 40 1.60 0.026 2.67
  2.00 0.033 3.33
  2.50 0.041 4.13
  3.15 0.051 5.17
      120 × 40 1.60 0.024 2.42
  2.00 0.030 3.01
  2.50 0.037 3.74
      100 × 40 1.25 0.017 1.70
  1.60 0.021 2.17
  2.00 0.026 2.70
  2.50 0.033 3.35
      80 × 30 1.25 0.013 1.31
  1.60 0.016 1.67
  2.00 0.020 2.07
  2.50 0.025 2.56
      60 × 30 1.25 0.011 1.12
  1.60 0.014 1.42
  2.00 0.017 1.75
      50 × 30 1.25 0.010 1.02
  1.60 0.013 1.29
  2.00 0.016 1.60
    Channels with lips Size:  
      100 × 100 2.00 0.051 5.24
  2.50 0.063 6.50
  3.15 0.082 8.36
  4.00 0.103 10.48
      80 × 80 1.60 0.033 3.33
  2.00 0.041 4.14  
  2.50 0.052 5.32
  3.15 0.065 6.62
      60 × 60 1.25 0.019 1.94
  1.60 0.024 2.45
  2.00 0.031 3.20
  2.50 0.039 3.95
      50 × 50 1.25 0.016 1.64
  1.60 0.020 2.08
  2.00 0.025 2.57
      40 × 40 1.25 0.013 1.35
  1.60 0.017 1.70  
  2.00 0.020 2.09
      30 × 30 1.25 0.009 0.95
  1.60 0.012 1.20 22
      200 × 80 1.60 0.047 4.84 m
  2.00 0.059 6.02
  2.50 0.075 7.67
  3.15 0.094 9.59
  4.00 0.118 12.05
      180 × 80 1.60 0.045 4.59
  2.00 0.056 5.71
  2.50 0.071 7.28
  3.15 0.089 9.10
  4.00 0.112 11.42
      160 × 80 1.60 0.043 4.34  
  2.00 0.053 5.39
  2.50 0.068 6.89
  3.15 0.084 8.60
  4.00 0.106 10.79
      140 × 70 1.60 0.038 3.84
  2.00 0.047 4.76  
  2.50 0.058 5.91
  3.15 0.075 7.61
  4.00 0.094 9.54
      120 × 60 1.25 0.025 2.52  
  1.60 0.031 3.21
  2.00 0.041 4.14
  2.50 0.050 5.12
  3.15 0.063 6.38
      100 × 50 1.25 0.021 2.13
  1.60 0.027 2.71
  2.00 0.033 3.35
  2.50 0.043 4.34
      80 × 40 1.25 0.017 1.74
  1.60 0.022 2.20
  2.00 0.027 2.72
      60 × 30 1.25 0.012 1.25
  1.60 0.015 1.57
      50 × 30 1.25 0.011 1.15  
  1.60 0.014 1.45
    Hat sections Size:  
      100 × 100 2.50 0.068 6.89
  3.15 0.089 9.05
  4.00 0.115 11.73
      80 × 80 2.00 0.043 4.39
  2.50 0.056 5.71
  3.15 0.072 7.36  
      60 × 60 1.60 0.026 2.63
  2.00 0.034 3.45
  2.50 0.034 4.34
      50 × 50 1.60 0.022 2.25
  2.00 0.028 2.88
      40 × 40 1.25 0.013 1.36
  1.60 0.018 1.83
      100 × 50 1.60 0.034 3.51
  2.00 0.044 4.45
  2.50 0.054 5.51
      80 × 40 1.25 0.021 2.15
  1.60 0.028 2.83
  2.00 0.034 3.51
      60 × 30 1.25 0.016 1.64
  1.60 0.020 2.08
      50 × 25 1.25 0.013 1.35
      100 × 150 3.15 0.101 10.28
  4.00 0.134 13.68 23
      80 × 120 3.15 0.089 9.08 m
  4.00 0.413 11.48
      60 × 90 2.50 0.050 5.12
  3.15 0.067 6.82
  4.00 0.084 8.59  
      50 × 75 2.00 0.033 3.37
  2.50 0.043 4.44
  3.15 0.055 5.64
      40 × 60 1.60 0.021 2.14
  2.00 0.028 2.82
  2.50 0.035 3.55
    Rectangular box sections Size:  
      200 × 100 1.60 0.072 7.35
  2.00 0.00 9.16
      180 × 90 1.60 0.065 6.60
  2.00 0.081 8.22  
      160 × 80 1.60 0.057 5.85
  2.00 0.071 7.28
      140 × 70 1.60 0.050 5.09  
  2.00 0.062 6.34
      120 × 60 1.60 0.043 4.34
  2.00 0.053 5.39
      100 × 50 1.25 0.028 2.12
  1.60 0.035 3.58  
      80 × 40 1.25 0.022 2.23
  1.60 0.028 2.83
      60 × 30 1.25 0.016 1.64
  1.60 0.020 2.08
      50 × 30 1.25 0.014 1.44
  1.60 0.013 1.83
    Square box section Size:  
      200 × 200 1.60 0.097 9.86
  2.00 0.121 12.30  
      180 × 180 1.60 0.087 8.86
  2.00 0.108 11.04
      160 × 160 1.60 0.764 77.85
  2.00 0.096 9.79  
      140 × 140 1.60 0.067 6.35
  2.00 0.084 8.53
      120 × 120 1.60 0.057 5.85
  2.00 0.071 7.28  
      100 × 100 1.25 0.037 3.80
  1.60 0.047 3.84
      80 × 80 1.25 0.030 3.01
  1.60 0.038 3.84  
      60 × 60 1.25 0.022 2.23
  1.60 0.028 2.83
      50 × 50 1.25 0.018 3.84
  1.60 0.023 2.33  
    Rolled steel tee bars (see IS : 1173-1978 *) Designation  
      ISNT 20 0.009 0.9
      ISNT 30 0.014 1.4  
      ISNT 40 0.034 3.5
      ISNT 50 0.044 4.5
      ISNT 60   0.053 5.4
      ISNT 80 0.094 9.6
      ISNT 100 0.147 15.0
      ISNT 150   0.223 22.8
* Specification for hot-rolled and slit steel ice bars (second revision). 24
      Designation  
      ISHT 75 0.150 15.3 m
      ISHT 100 0.196 20.0
      ISHT 125 0.269 27.4
      ISHT 150 0.288 29.4
      ISST 100 0.079 8.1
      ISST 150 0.154 15.7
      ISST 200 0.279 28.4
      ISST 250 0.368 37.5
      ISLT 50 0.040 4.0
      ISLT 75 0.070 7.1
      ISLT ICO 0.125 12.7
      ISJT 75 0.034 3.5
      ISJT 87 5 0.039 4.0
      ISJT 100 0.049 5.0
      ISJT 112-5 0.063 6.4
      Steel sheet piling sections  
      (see IS : 2314-1963*)  
      Designation  
      ISPS 1 021 Z 0.483 49.25
      ISPS 1 625 U 0.641 65.37
      ISPS 2 222 U 0.811 82.70
      ISPS 100 F 0.541 55.20
47. Stone
  Agate 25.50 2 600
  Aggregate 15.70 to 18.85 1 600 to 1 920
  Basalt 27.95 to 29.05 2 850 to 2 960
  Cast 21.95 2 240
  Chalk 21.50 2 190
  Dolomite 28.25 2 880
  Emery 39.25 4 000
  Flint 25.40 2 590
  Gneiss 23.55 to 26.40 2 400 to 2 600
  Granite 25.90 to 27.45 2 640 to 2 800
  Gravel:  
    Loose 15.70 1 600
    Moderately rammed, dry 18.85 1 920
  Green stone 28.25 2 880
  Gypsum 21.95 to 23.55 2 240 to 2 400
  Laterite 20.40 to 23.55 2 080 to 2 400
  Lime stone 23.55 to 25.90 2 400 to 2 640
  Marble 26.70 2 720
  Pumice 7.85 to 11.00 800 to 1 120
  Quartz rock 25.90 2 640
  Sand stone 21.95 to 23.54 2 240 to 2 400
  Slate 27.45 2 800
  Soap stone 26.45 2 700
48. Tar, Coal  
  Crude (see IS : 212-1983 †) 9.90 1 010
  Naphtha, light (see IS : 213-1968 ‡) 9.90 1 010
  Naphtha, heavy 9.90 1 010
  Road tar (see IS : 215-1961§) 9.90 1 010
  Pitch (see IS : 216-1961|) 9.90 1 010
49. Thermal Insulation
  Unbonded glass wool 12.75 to 23.55 1 300 to 2 400
  Unbonded rock and slag wool 11.30 to 19.60 1 150 to 2 000
  Expanded polystyrene 1.45 to 2.95 150 to 300
  Cellular concrete  
    Grade A Up to 29.40 Up to 3 000
    Grade B 29.50 to 39.20 3 010 to 4 000
    Grade C 39.30 to 49.00 4 010 to 5 000
  Preformed calcium silicate insulation (for temperature up to 650°C) 19.60 to 34.30 2 000 to 3 500
* Specification for steel sheet piling sections.
† Specification for crude coal tar for general use (second revision).
‡ Specification for coal-based naphtha (first revision).
§ Specification for road tar(revised).
| Specification for coal tar pitch (revised). 25
50. Terra Cotta 18.35 to 23.25 1 870 to 2 370 m3
51. Terrazzo  
  Paving 10 0.24 24 m2
  Cast partitions 40 0.93 95
52. Tiles  
  Mangalore pattern 0.02 to 0.03 2 to 3 Tile
  (see IS : 654-1972 *)
  Polystyrene wall tiles 99 × 99 0.013 1.35 m3
    (see IS : 3463.1966 †) 148 5 × 148.5 0.013 1.35
53. Timber
  Typical Indian timbers (see IS : 399-1963‡)  
    Aglaia 8.34 850 m3
    Aini 5.83 595
    Aider 3.63 370
    Amari 6.13 625
    Amla 7.85 800
    Amra 4.41 450
    Anjan 8.33 850
    Arjun 7.99 815
    Ash 7.06 720
    Axlewood 8.32 900
    Babul 7.70 785
    Baen 7.70 785
    Bahera 7.99 815
    Bakota 4.21 430
    Balasu 7.55 770
    Ballagi 11.13 1 135
    Banati 4.41 450
    Benteak 6.62 675
    Ber 6.91 705
    Bhendi 7.55 770
    Bijasal 7.85 800
    Birch 6.13 625
    Black chuglam 7.85 800
    Black locust 8.34 850
    Blue gum 8.34 850
    Blue pine 5.05 515
    Bola 6.42 655
    Bonsum 5.20 530
    Bullet wood 8.78 895
    Casuarina 8.34 850
    Cettis 6.42 655
    Champ 4.85 495
    Chaplash 5.05 515
    Chatian 4.07 415
    Chikrassy 6.62 675
    Chilauni 6.42 655
    Chilla 7.85 800
    Chir 5.64 575
    Chuglam:  
      Black 7.85 800
      White (silver grey-wood) 6.91 705
    Cinnamon 6.42 655
    Cypress 5.05 515
    Debdaru 6.28 640
    Deodar 5.35 545
    Devdam 7.06 720
    Dhaman:  
      Grewia tiliofolia 7.70 785
      Grewia vestita 7.40 755
    Dhup 6.42 655
    Dilenia 6.13 625
* Specification for clay roofing tiles, Mangalore pattern (second revision).
† Specification for polystyrene wall tiles.
‡ Classification of commercial timbers and their zonal distribution (revised). 26
    Dudhi 5.49 560 m3
    Ebony 8.19 835
    Elm 5.20 530
    Eucalyptus 8.33 850
    Figs 4.56 465
    Fir 4.14 450
    Frash 6.62 675
    Gamari 5.05 515
    Gardenia 7.40 755
    Garuga 5.98 610
    Geon 4.07 415
    Gluta 7.06 720
    Gokul 4.07 415
    Grewia sp. 7.55 770
    Gurjan 7.70 785
    Gutel 4.41 450
    Haldu 6.62 675
    Hathipaila 5.84 595
    Hiwar 7.70 785
    Hollock 5.98 610
    Hollong 7.21 735
    Hoom 7.21 735  
    Horse chestnut 5.05 515
    Imli 8.97 915
    Indian Chestnut 6.28 640
    Indian Hemlock 3.92 400  
    Indian Oak 8.48 865
    Indian Olive 10.35 1065
    Irui 8.33 850
    Jack 5.83 595
    Jam an 7.70 785
    Jarul 6.13 625
    Jathikai 5.05 515
    Jhingan 5.63 575
    Jutili 7.85 800
    Kadam 4.85 495
    Kail 5.05 515
    Kaim 6.42 655
    Kambli 4.07 435
    Kanchan 6.62 675
    Kanjuj 5.84 595  
    Karada 8.34 850
    Karal 7.99 815
    Karani 6.28 640
    Karar 5.34 545
    Kardahi 9.27 945
    Karimgotta 3.92 400  
    Kasi 5.83 595
    Kasum 10.84 1 105
    Kathal 5.85 595
    Keora 6.13 625  
    Khair 9.90 1 010
    Khasipine 5.05 515
    Kindal 7.55 770  
    Kokko 6.28 640
    Kongoo 9.76 995
    Kuchla 8.63 880
    Kumbi 7.70 785
    Kurchi 5.20 530
    Kurung 9.76 995
    Kusum 11.28 1 150
    Kuthan 4.71 480  
    Lakooch 6.28 640
    Lambapatti 5.34 545
    Lampati 5.05 515  
    Laurel 8.33 850
    Lendi 7.40 755
    Machilus:  
      Gamblei 5.05 515
      Macrantha 5.20 530
    Maharukh 4.07 415 27
    Mahogany 6.62 675 m3
    Mahua 8.97 915
    Maina 5.64 575
    Makai 3.14 320
    Malabar neem 4.41 450
    Mango 6.77 690
    Maniawga 7.40 755
    Maple 5.64 575
    Mesua 9.76 955
    Milla 9.12 930
    Mokha 7.99 815
    Mulberry 6.62 675
    Mullilam 7.21 735
    Mundani 6.77 690
    Murtenga 7.70 785
    Myrabolan 9.27 945
    Narikel 5.49 560
    Nedunar 5.05 515
    Oak 8.48 865
    Padauk 7.06 720
    Padri 7.06 720
    Palang 5.98 610
    Pali 6.28 640
    Papita 3.28 335
    Parrotia 8.48 865
    Persian lilac 5.84 595
    Piney 6.13 625
    Ping 8.97 915
    Pinus insignis 6.13 625
    Pipli 5.83 595
    Pitraj 6.77 690
    Poon 6.42 655
    Poplar 4.41 450
    Pula 3.78 385
    Pyinma 5.98 610
    Rajbrikh 8.48 865
    Red sanders 10.84 1 105
    Rohini 11.33 1 155
    Rosewood (black wood) 8.19 835
    Rudrak 4.71 480
    Sal 8.48 865
    Salai 5.64 575
    Sandal wood 8.97 915  
    Sandan 8.34 850
    Satin wood 9.41 960
    Saykaranji 7.40 755  
    Seleng 4.85 495
    Semul 3.78 385  
    Silver oak 6.28 640
    Siris 3.92 400
    Kala-siris 7.21 735  
    Safed-siris 6.28 640
    Sisso 7.70 785
    Spruce 4.71 480  
    Suji __ 2.65 270
    Sundri 9.41 960  
    Talauma 5.64 575
    Tanaku 2.09 305  
    Teak 6.28 640
    Toon 5.05 515
    Udal 2.50 255  
    Upas 3.14 320
    Uriam 7.40 755  
    Vakai 9.41 960
    Vellapine 5.83 595
    Walnut 5.64 575
    White bombwe __ 5.98 610  
    White cedar 7.06 720
    White chuglam (silver grey-wood) 6.91 705
    White dhup 4.22 430  
    Yon 8.33 850
  Note—The unit of timbers correspond to average unit weight of typical Indian timbers at 12 percent moisture content.
54.  Water
      Fresh 9.81 1 000 m3
      Salt 10.05 1025
55. Wood-Wool Building Slabs 10 0.059 6 28

3. BUILDING PARTS AND COMPONENTS

3.1 The unit weights of building parts or components are specified in Table 2.

TABLE 2 UNIT WEIGHTS OF BUILDING PARTS OR COMPONENTS
  Material Nominal Size or Thickness   Weight/Mass  
    mm kN kg per
1. Ceilings  
  Plaster on tile or concrete 1.3 cm 0.25 25 m2
  Plaster on wood lath 2.5 cm 0.39 40
  Suspended metal lath and cement plaster 2.5 cm 0.74 75
  Suspended metal lath and gypsum plaster 2.5 cm 0.49 50
2. Cement Concrete, Plain(see 20 ‘Cement concentrate, plain’ in Table I)  
3. Cement Concrete, Reinforced (see 21 Cement concrete, ‘reinforced’ in Table 1)  
4. Damp-Proofing (see 28 ‘Felt bituminous for waterproofing and damp proofing’ in Table 1)  
5. Earth Filling (see 45 ‘Soils and gravels’ in Table 1)  
6. Finishing (see also‘Floor finishes’ given under 7 ‘Flooring’ and 8 ‘Roofing’ in Table 1)  
  Aluminium foil Negligible
  Plaster: Acoustic 10 0.08 8 m3
  Anhydrite 10 0.21 21
  Barium sulphate 10 0.28 29
  Fibrous 10 0.09 9
  Gypsum or lime 10 0.19 19
  Hydraulic lime or cement 10 0.23 23
  Plaster ceiling on wire netting 10 0.26 27
  Note—When wood or metal lathing is used, add 0.06 6
7. Flooring  
  Asphalt flooring 10 0.22 22  
  Note—For macadam finish, add 10 0.26 27
  Compressed cork 10 0.04 4
  Floors, Structural: Hollow clay blocks including reinforcement and mortar jointing between blocks, but excluding any concrete topping 100 1.47 150
  125 1.67 170
  150
175
200
1.86
2.16
2.55
190
220
260
  Note—Add extra for concrete topping Hollow clay blocks including reinforcement and concrete ribs between blocks, but excluding any concrete topping 100 1.18 120
  115 1.27 130
  125 1.37 140
  140 1.47 150
  150 1.57 160
  175 1.76 180
  200 1.96 200
  Note—Add extra for concrete topping. 29
  Hollow concrete units including 100 1.67 170 m2
  any concrete topping necessary for 125 1.96 200
  constructional purposes 150 2.16 220
    175 2.35 240
    200 2.65 270
    230 3.14 320
  Floors, wood: 22 0.16 16
  Hard wood 28 0.20 20.5
    22 0.11 11
  Soft wood 28 0.13 13.5
  Weight of mastic used in laying wood block flooring 0015 1.5
  Note—All thicknesses are ‘finished thicknesses’.  
  Floor finishes: Clay floor tiles (see IS : 1478.1969*) 12.5 to 25.4 0.10 to 0.2 10 to 20
  Note—This weight is ‘as laid’ but excludes screeding.  
  Magnesium oxychloride: Normal type (saw dust filler) 10 0.142 14.5
  Heavy duty type (mineral filler) 10 0.216 22
  Parquet flooring 0.08 to 0.12 8 to 12
  Rubber (see IS : 809.1970 †) 3.2 0.048 to 0.062 4.9 to 6.3
    4.8 to 6.4 0.070 to 0.09 7.1 to 9.5
  Terra cotta, filled as laid*   5.54 to 7.06 570 to 720 m3
  Terrazzo paving ‘as laid’ 10 0.23 24 m2
8. Roofing Asbestos cement sheeting (see ‘Asbestos cement sheeting’ in Table 1).  
  Allahabad tiles (single) including battens (see Note below) 083 85
  Allahabad tiles (double) including battens (see Note below) 1.67 170
  Country tiles (single) with battens (see Note below) 0.69 70
  Country tiles (double) with battens (see Note below) 1.18 120
  Mangalore tiles with battens (see Note below) 0.64 65
  Mangalore tiles bedded in mortar over flat tiles (see Note below) 1.08 110  
  Mangalore tiles with flat tiles (see Note below) 0.78 80
  Copper sheet roofing including laps and rolls 0.56 0.08 8
  Flat Roofs: Clay tiles hollow (see 7 ‘Flooring’ in this table)  0.72  0.10  10
  Concrete hollow precast (see 7 ‘Flooring’ in this table)  
  Galvanized Iron sheeting (see 39 ‘Metal sheeting, protected’ in Table 1)  
  Glazed Roofing: Glazing with aluminium alloy bars for spans up to 3 m 6.4 0.19 19.5
  Glazing with lead-covered steel bars at 0*6 m centres 6.4 0.25 to 0.28 26 to 29
  States on battens 0.34 to 0.49 35 to 50  
  Thatch with battens 0.34 to 0.49 35 to 50
Note—Weights acting vertically on horizontal projection to be multiplied by cosine of roof angle to obtain weights normal to the roof surface.
* Specification for clay flooring files (first revision).
† Specification for rubber flooring materials for general purposes (first revision). 30
  Roof finishes: Bitumen mecadam 10 0.22 22 m2
  Felt roofing { see 28 ‘Felt, bituminous for water-proofing and damp-proofing’ in Table 1) Glass silk, quilted 10 0.008 0.8
  Lead sheet 0.8 0.07 7
  Mortar screeding 10 0.21 21
9. Walling (IS : 6072.1971*)  
  Autoclaved reinforced cellular  
  concrete wall slabs  
  Class A 8.35 to 9.80 850 to 1000 m3
  Class B 7.35 to 8.35 750 to 850
  Class C 6.35 to 7.35 650 to 750
  Class D 5.40 to 6.35 550 to 650
  Class E 4.40 to 5.40 450 to 550
  Brick masonry (see 36 ‘Masonry, brick’ in Table 1)  
  Concrete blocks (see 11 ‘Block’ in Table 1)  
  Stone masonry (see 37 ‘Masonry, stone’ in Table 1)  
  Partitions: Brick wall 100 1.91 195 m2
  Cinder concrete 75 1.13 115  
  Galvanized iron sheet 0.15 15
  Hollow glass block (bricks) 100 0.88 90  
  Hollow blocks per 200 mm of thickness: Ballast or stone concrete 20 0.201 20.5
  Clay 20 0.201 20 5
  Clinker concrete 20 0.220 22.5
  Coke breeze concrete 20 9.176 18
  Diatomaceous earth 20 0.093 9.5
  Gypsum 20 0.137 14
  Pumice concrete 20 0.177 18
  Slag concrete, air-cooled 20 0.196 20
  Slag concrete, foamed 20 0.186 19
  Lalh and plaster 0.392 40
  Solid blocks per 20 mm of thickness:  
  Ballast or stone 20 0.451 46
  Clinker concrete 20 0.300 30.5
  Coke breeze concrete 20 0.221 22.5
  Pumice concrete 20 0.221 225
  Slag concrete, foamed 20 0.250 25.5
  Terrazzo cast partitions 40 0.932 95
  Timber studding plastered 0.981 100
Note—For unit weight of fixtures and fittings required to buildings including builder’s hardware, reference may be made to appropriate Indian standards.
* Specification for autoclaved reinforced cellular concrete wall slabs.

4. STORE AND MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

4.1

Units weights of store and miscellaneous materials intended for dead load calculations and other general purposes are given in Appendix A.

31

APPENDIX A
UNIT WEIGHTS OF STORE AND MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

[Clauses 1.1.1 (Note) and 4.1]

  Material Weight/Mass Angle of Friction, Degrees
  kN/m3 kg/m3
1.  Agricultural and Food Products  
    Butter 8.45 860
    Coffee in bags 5.50 560
    Drinks in bottles, in boxes 7.35 750
    Eggs, packed 2.95 300
    Eats, oil 5.80 590
    Fish meal 4.90 500 45
  Flour in sacks up to 1 m height 2.20 to 5.90 225 to 600
  Forage (bales) 1.25 125
  Fruits 3.45 350
  Grains:  
    Barley 6.75 690 27
    Com, shelled 7.55 770 27
    Flax seed 7.35 750 30
    Oats 5.30 540 30
    Rice 6.55 670 33
    Soyabeans 7.35 750 30
    Wheat 8.15 830 28
    Wheat flour 6.85 700 30
  Grain sheaves up to 4 m stack height 0.98 100 30
  Grain sheaves over 4 m stack height 1.45 150 30
  Grass and clover 3.45 350
  Hay:  
    Compressed 1.65 170
    Loose up to about 3 m stack height 0.69 70
  Honey 14.10 1 440
  Hops:  
    In sacks 1.65 170 __
    In cylindrical hop bins 4.60 470
    Sewn up or compressed in cylindrical shape in hop cloth 2.85 290
  Malt:  
    Crushed 3.90 400 20
    Germinated 1.85 190
  Meat and meat products 7.05 720
  Milk 10.05 1 025
  Molasses 4.40 450
  Onion in bags 5.40 550 0
  Oil cakes, crushed 5.80 590 0
  Potatoes 7.05 720 30
  Preserves (tins in cases) 4.90 to 7.85 500 to 800
  Salt:  
    Bags 7.05 720 _
    Bulk 9.40 960 30
  Seeds:  
    Heaps 4.90 to 7.85 500 to 800 25
    Sacks 3.90 to 6.85 400 to 700
  Straw and chaff:
    Loose up to about 3 m stack height 0.45 45
    Compressed 1.65 170 _
  Sugar:  
    Crystal 7.35 750 30
    Cube sugar in boxes 7.85 800
  Sugar beet, pressed out 7.85 800
  Tobacco bundles 3.45 350
  Vinegar 10.40 1 080   32
2. Chemicals and Allied Materials  
  Acid, hydrochloric 11.75 1 200 _
  Acid, nitric 91% 14.80 1 510
  Acid, Sulphuric acid 87% 17.55 1 790
  Alchohol 7.65 780
  Alum, pearl, in barrel 5.20 530
  Ammonia, liquid 8.85 900 __
  Ammonium chloride, crystalline Ammonium nitrate 8.15 830 30-40
  Ammonium Sulphate 7.05 to 9.80 720 to 1000 25
  Beeswax 7.05 to 9.00 720 to 920 32-45
  Benzole 9.40 960
  Benzene hexachloride 8.90 910
  Bicarbonate of soda 8.75 890 45
  Bone 6.40 650 30
  Borax 18.65 1 900
  Borax 17.15 1 750
  Calcite 26.50 2 700
  Camphor 9.70 990
  Carbon disulphide 12.75 1 300
  casein 13.25 1 350
  Caustic soda 13.85 1 410
  Creosole 10.50 1 070
  Dicalcium Phosphate 6.65 6.80 45
  Disodium Phosphate 3.90 to 4.80 400 to 490 30-45
  Iodine 48.55 4 950
  Oils in bottles or barrels 5.70 to 8.90 580 to 910
  Oil, linseed:  
    In barrels 5.70 580
    In drums 7.05 720
  Oil, turpentine 8.50 865
  Paints 9.40 960
  Paraffin wax 7.85 to 9.40 800 to 960
  Petroleum 9.90 1 010
  Phosphorus 17.85 1 820
  Plastics:    
    Cellulose acetate 12.25 to 13.35 1 250 to 1 360
    Cellulose nitrate 13.25 to 15.70 1 350 to 1 600
    Methyl methacrylate 11.60 1 185
    Phenol formaldehyde 12.55 1 280
    Polystryrene 10.40 1 060
    Polyvinyl chloride (Perspex) 11.75 to 13.25 1 200 to 1 350
    Resin bonded sheet 12.85 to 13.25 1 310 to 1 380
    Urea formaldehyde 13.25 to 13.55 1 350 to 1 380
  Potash 14.40 1 470
  Potassium 8.65 880
  Potassium nitrate 9.90 1 010
  Red lead, dry 20.70 2110
  Red lead, paste 87.30 8900
  Rosin in barrels 6.75 690
  Rubber:  
    Raw  
    Vulcanized 8.90 to 9.40 910 to 960
  Saltpetre 8.90 to 9.10 910 to 930
  Sodium silicate in barrels 8.35 850
  Sulphur 20.10 2050
  Talc 27.45 2800
  Varnishes 9.40 960
  Vitriol, blue, in barrels 7.05 720
3. Fuels    
  Brown coal 6.85 700
  Brown coal briquettes heaped 7.85 800 35 33
  Brown coal briquettes, 12.75 1 300
  stacked  
  Charcoal 2.95 300
  Coal:  
    Untreated, mine-moist 9.30 1 000 35
    In washeries 11.75 1 200 0
    Dust 6.85 700 25
    All other sorts 8.35 850 35
  Coke:  
    Furnace or gas 4.90 500 35
    Brown coal, low - temperature 9.80 1 000 35
    Hard, raw coal 8.35 850 35
    Hard, raw coal, mine-damp 9.80 I ooo 35
  Diesel oil 9.40 960 0
  Firewood, chopped 3.00 400 45
  Petrol 6.75 690 0
  Wood, in chips 1.95 200 45
  Wood shavings, loose 1.45 150 35
  Wood shavings, shaken down 2.45 250 35
4.  Manures  
  Animal manures:  
    Loosely heaped 11.75 1 200 45
    Stacked dung, up to about 17.65 1 800 45
    2 5 m stack height  
    Artificial manures 11.75 1 200 24-30
5. Metals and Alloys  
  Aluminium  
    Cast 25.30 to 26.60 2 580 to 2 710
    Wrought 25.90 to 27.45 2 640 to 2 800
    Sheet per mm of thickness per m3 0.028 28
  Antimony, pure:  
    Amorphous 60.90 6210
    Solid 65.70 6 700
  Bismuth:  
    Liquid 98.07 10 000
    Solid 95.02 to 97.09. 9 690 to 9900
  Cadmium:  
    Cast 83.75 to 84.05 8 540 to 8 570
    Wrought 85.03 8 670
    Calcium 15 60 1 590
    Chromium 63.95 to 66.09 6 520 to 6 730
  Cobalt:  
    Cast 83.25 to 85.10 8 490 to 8 680
    Wrought 88.45 9 020
  Copper:  
    Cast 86.20 to 87.65 8 790 to 8 940
    Wrought 86.70 to 87.65 8 840 to 8 940
    Sheet per mm of thickness 0.09 8.7
  Gold:  
    Cast 188.75 to 189.55 19 250 to 19 330
    Wrought 189.55 19 330
  Iron:  
    Pig 70.60 7 200
    Grey, cast 68.95 to 60.90 7 030 to 7 130
    White, cast 74.35 to 75.70 7 580 to 7 720
    Wrought 75.50 7 700 34
  Lead:  
    Cast 111.20 11 340
    Liquid 105.00 10 710
    Wrought 111.40 11 360
    Sheet per mm of thickness 0.11 11
    Magnesium 16.45 to 17.15 1 680 to 1 750
    Manganese 72.55 7 400
    Mercury 133.35 13 600
    Nickel 81.20 to 87.20 8 280 to 8 890
    Platinum 210.25 21 440
  Silver:  
    Cast 102.0 to 102.85 10 400 to 10 490
    Liquid 93.15 9 500
    Wrought 103.35 to 103.55 10 540 to 10 560
  Sodium:  
    Liquid 9.10 930
    Solid 9.30 950
  Tungsten 188.30 19 200
  Uranium 180.45 18 400
  Zinc:  
    Cast Wrought 68.95 to 70.20 7 030 to 7 160
    Wrought 70.50 7 190
    Sheet per min of thickness 0.07 7
  Alloys:  
    Aluminium and copper  
    Aluminium 10%, copper 90% 75.40 7 690
    Aluminium 5%, copper 95% 82.00 8 360
    Aluminium 3%, copper 97% 85.10 8 680
    Aluminium 91%, zinc 9% 27.45 2 800
    Babbit metal (tin 90%, lead 5%, copper 5%) 71.70 7 310
    Wood’s metal (bismuth 50%, lead 25%, cadmium 12 5%, tin 12 5%) 95.00 9 690
  Brasses:  
    Muntz metal (copper 60%, zinc 40%) 80.60 8 220
    Red (copper 90%, zinc 10%) 84.25 8 590
    White (copper 50%, zinc 50%) 80.30 8 190
    Yellow (copper 70%, zinc 30%):  
  Yellow (copper 70%, zinc 30%):  
    Cast 82.75 8 440
    Drawn 85.10 8 680
    Rolled 83.85 8 550
  Bronzes:  
    Bell metal (copper 80%, tin 20%) 85.60 8 730
    Gun metal (copper 90%, tin 10%) 86.10 8 780
    Cadmium and tin 75.40 7 690
  German Silver:  
    Copper 52%, zinc 26%, nickel 22% * 82.75 1440
    Copper 59%, zinc 30%, nickel 11% 81.70 8 330
    Copper 63%, zinc 30%, nickel 7% 81.40 8 300
  Gold and Copper:  
    Gold 98%, copper 2% 184.75 18 840
    Gold 50%, copper 10% 168.20 17 150 35
  Lead and Tin:  
    Lead 87 5%, tin 12 5% 103.85 10 590
    Lead 30 5%, tin 69 5% 81.10 8 270
    Monel metal, cast (nickel 70% copper 30%) 87.00 8 870
  Steel:  
    Cast 77.00 7 850
    Wrought mild 76.80 7 830
    Black plate per mm of thickness 0.08 8
  Steel sections (see 46 ‘Steel sections’ in Table 1)  
6. Miscellaneous Materials  
  Aggregate, coarse 10.80 to 15.70 1 100 to 1 600 30
  Ashes, coal, dry, 12 mm and under 5.50 to 6.30 560 to 645 40
  Ashes, coal, dry, 75 mm and under 5.50 to 6.30 560 to 645 38
  Ashes, coal, wet, 12 mm and under 7.05 to 7.85 720 to 800 52
  Ashes, coal, wet, 75 mm and under 7.05 to 7.85 720 to 800 50
  Asphalt, crushed, 12 mm and under 7.05 720 30-45
  Ammonium nitrate, prills 3.55 to 8.35 360 to 850 27
  Bone 18.65 1.900
  Books and files, stacked 8.35 851
  Calcium ammonium nitrate 9.50 1 000 28
  Copper sulphate, ground 11.75 1 200 30
  Chalk 21.95 2 240
  Chinaware, earthenware, stacked (including cavities) 10.80 1 100
  Clinker, furnace, clean 7.85 800 30
  Diammonium phosphate 7.85 to 8.50 800 to 865 29
  Double salt (ammonium sulphate nitrate) 7.05 to 9.30 720 to 950 34
  Filling cabinets and cupboards with contents, in records offices, libraries, archives 5.90 600
  Flue dust, boiler house, dry 5.50 to 7.05 560 to 720 >30
  Fly ash, pulverised 5.50 to 7.05 560 to 720
  Glass:  
    Glass, solid 23.50 to 26.70 2 400 to 2 720
    Wool 0.16 to 1.18 16 to 120
    In sheets 25.50 2 600
  Glue 12.55 1 280
  Gypsum, calcined, 12 mm and under 8.60 to 9.40 889 to 960 40
  Gypsum, calcined, powdered 9.40 to 12.55 960 to 1 280 45
  Gypsum, raw, 25 mm and under 14.10 to 15.70 1 440 to 1 600 30-45
  Hides  
    Dry salted - only green 8.65 880
    Ice 8.90 910
  Leather put in rows 7.85 800
  Lime, ground, 3 mm and under 9.40 960 >45
  Lime, hydrated, 3 mm and under 6.30 640 30-45
  Lime, hydrated, pulverized 5.00 to 6.30 510 to 640 30-45
  Lime pebble 8.25 to 8.75 840 to 890 >45
  Limestone, agricultural, 3 mm and under 10.60 1 080 30-45
  Limestone, crushed 13.30 to 1410 1 355 to 1 440 30-45
  Limestone dust 8 65 to 14.90 880 to 1 520 38-45
  Magnesite, caustic, in powder form 7.85 810
  Magnesite, sinter and magnesite, granular 19.60 2000
  Phosphate, rock, pulverized 9.40 960 40-52
  Phosphate rock 11.75 10 13.35 1 200 to 1 360 30-45
  Phosphate sand 14 10 to 15.70 1 440 to 1 600 30-45
  Potassium carbonate 7.95 810 30-45
  Potassium chloride, pellets 18.85 to 20.40 1 920 to 2 080 30-45
  Potassium nitrate 4.85 495 >30
  Potassium sulphate 6.55 to 7.45 670 to 760 45
  Pyrites, pellets 18.85 to 20.40 1 920 to 2 080 30-45 36
  Pumice 5.80 to 9.90 590 to 1 010
  Rubbish:  
    Building 13.80 1 410
    General 6.30 645
  Salt, common, dry, coarse 6.30 to 10.00 640 to 1 020 30-45
  Salt, common, dry, fine 11.00 to 12.55 1 120 to 1 280 30-45
  Salt cake, dry, coarse 13.35 1 360 30
  Salt cake, dry, pulverized 11.20 to 13.35 1 140 to 1 360 35
  Sand, bank, damp 17.25 to 20.40 1 760 to 2 080 45
  Sand, bank, dry 14.10 to 17.25 1 440 to 1 760 30
  Sand, silica, dry 14.10 to 15.70 1 440 to 1 600 30-35
  Saw dust, loose 1.57 160 30
  Silica gel 4.40 450 30-45
  Soda ash, heavy 8.65 to 10.20 880 to 1 040 35
  Soda ash, light 4.70 to 6.00 480 to 610 37
  Sodium nitrate, granular 11.00 to 12.55 1 120 to 1 280 24
  Sulphur, crushed, 12 mm and under 7.85 to 8.25 800 to 840 35-45
  Sulphur, 76 mm and under 8.65 to 13.35 880 to 1 360 32
  Sulphur, powdered 7.85 to 9.40 800 to 960 30-45
  Single superphosphate (S.S.P.), granulated 7.65 to 8.25 780 to 840 37
  Slag, furnace, crushed 14.90 1 520 35
  Steel goods:  
    Cylinders, usually stored for carbonic acid, etc 13.80 1 410
     Sheets, railway rails, etc, usually stored 44.00 4 490
  Trisodium phosphate 9.40 960 30-45
  Triple superphosphate 7.85 to 8.65 800 to 880 30-45
  Turf 2.85 to 5.70 2 910 to 5 810
  Urea, prills 6.40 650 23-26
7. Ores  
  Antimony 29.80 3040
  Ferrous sulphide 26.50 2 700
  Ferrous sulphide ore 13.85 1 400
  waste after roasting  
  Iron ore, compact storing 29.80 3 040
  Magnesium ore 19.60 2000
8. Textiles, Paper and Allied Materials  
  Cellulose in bundles 7.35 750
  Cotton, compressed 12.75 1 300
  Flax, piled and compressed in bales 2.95 300
  Furs 8.90 910
  Jute in bundles 6.85 700
  Paper:  
    In bundles and rolls 6.85 700
    Newspapers in bundles 3.90 400
    Put in rows 10.80 1 100
  Thread in bundles 4.90 500
  Wood, compressed 12.75 1 300
37 38 39

Bureau of Indian Standards

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Amendments issued Since Publication
Amendment No. Date of Issue Text Affected
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